Types of diplomacy

There are 136 uses of the term diplomacy in three contexts:


Types of Diplomacy Diplomacy & Geopolitics Diplomatic Topics Diplomatic Methods & Tools
AI Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Aid Diplomacy
Amarna Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Ancient Diplomacy
Animal Diplomacy Yes
Art Diplomacy Yes Yes
Big Stick Diplomacy Yes
Bilateral Diplomacy Yes
Biodiversity Diplomacy Yes
Blockchain Diplomacy Yes
Byzantine Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Cable Diplomacy Yes Yes
Carbon Diplomacy Yes
Carpet Diplomacy Yes
Caviar Diplomacy Yes
Chip Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Citizen Diplomacy Yes
City Diplomacy Yes
Civil Diplomacy Yes
Climate Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Coercive Diplomacy Yes Yes
Coffee Diplomacy Yes
Cold War Diplomacy Yes Yes
Conference Diplomacy Yes
Consular Diplomacy Yes
Covid Diplomacy Yes
Crisis Diplomacy Yes
Crypto Diplomacy Yes Yes
Cultural Diplomacy Yes Yes
Cyber Diplomacy Yes
Data Diplomacy Yes Yes
Debt Diplomacy Yes Yes
Development Diplomacy Yes Yes
Diaspora Diplomacy Yes Yes
Digital Diplomacy Yes YesYes
Disaster Diplomacy Yes Yes
Dog Diplomacy Yes
Dollar Diplomacy Yes
Dubovnik Diplomacy Yes
Earthquake Diplomacy Yes
Education Diplomacy Yes Yes
Environmental Diplomacy Yes Yes
Exibition Diplomacy Yes
Expo Diplomacy Yes
Facebook Diplomacy Yes
Fado Diplomacy Yes
Food Diplomacy Yes Yes
Funeral Diplomacy Yes
Fusion Diplomacy Yes
Gastronomic Diplomacy Yes
Gender Diplomacy Yes
Gift Diplomacy
Grain Diplomacy Yes
Grasroot Diplomacy Yes
Gulf Diplomacy Yes
Gumboot Diplomacy Yes
Gunboat Diplomacy Yes
Hard Diplomacy Yes
Health Diplomacy Yes
Hostage Diplomacy Yes
Humanitarian Diplomacy Yes
Hybrid Diplomacy Yes
ICT Diplomacy Yes
Instagram Diplomacy Yes
Inter-faith Diplomacy Yes
Internet Diplomacy Yes
Investment Diplomacy Yes
Language Diplomacy Yes Yes
Lunar Diplomacy Yes
Maritime Diplomacy Yes
Mediaval Diplomacy Yes
Metaverse Diplomacy Yes
Middle East Diplomacy Yes
Military Diplomacy Yes Yes
Missionary Diplomacy Yes
Mob Diplomacy Yes
Modern Diplomacy Yes
Moon Diplomacy Yes Yes
Multilateral Diplomacy Yes
Multistakeholder Diplomacy Yes
Music Diplomacy Yes
Nuclear Diplomacy Yes
Ocean Diplomacy Yes
Oil Diplomacy Yes
Olympics Diplomacy Yes
Online Diplomacy Yes Yes
Open Diplomacy Yes
Ozone Diplomacy Yes
Panda Diplomacy Yes
Parliamentary Diplomacy Yes
Particle Diplomacy Yes
Peace Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
People-to-People Diplomacy Yes
Ping-Pong Diplomacy Yes
Pizza Diplomacy Yes
Preventive Diplomacy Yes Yes
Proxy Diplomacy Yes
Quantum Diplomacy Yes Yes
Region Diplomacy Yes
Religious Diplomacy Yes
Rennaisance Diplomacy Yes
Row material diplomacy Yes
Sand Diplomacy Yes
Satellite Diplomacy Yes
Sauna Diplomacy Yes
Science Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Secret Diplomacy Yes
Semiconductor Diplomacy Yes
Shuttle Diplomacy Yes
Silent Diplomacy Yes
Soft Power Diplomacy Yes
Sound Diplomacy Yes
Space Diplomacy Yes
Sport Diplomacy Yes Yes
Sub-state Diplomacy Yes
Summit Diplomacy Yes
Tea Diplomacy Yes Yes
Tech Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Telegraph Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Telephone Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Toothless Diplomacy Yes
Track-Two Diplomacy Yes
Trade Diplomacy Yes
Triangular Diplomacy Yes
Twitter Diplomacy Yes
Vaccine Diplomacy Yes Yes
Venice Diplomacy Yes Yes
Virtual Diplomacy Yes
War Diplomacy Yes Yes Yes
Water Diplomacy Yes
Web Diplomacy Yes
Wolf Warrior Diplomacy Yes
Wrestling Diplomacy Yes
Yoga Diplomacy Yes
Youth Diplomacy Yes


Books on various types of diplomacy

Books on various types of diplomacy – Library of Jovan Kurbalija

Bilateral diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that involves two countries or entities engaging in direct negotiations and agreements. It is a form of international relations in which two countries or entities work together to resolve issues and create mutually beneficial outcomes. Bilateral diplomacy can involve a wide range of topics, from trade and security to cultural and environmental issues.

Multilateral diplomacy

Multilateral diplomacy is a form of international relations in which multiple countries work together to achieve a common goal. It involves using negotiations, dialogue, and other diplomatic tools to resolve disputes and promote cooperation between nations. Multilateral diplomacy is often used to address global issues such as climate change, poverty, and human rights.

Metaverse diplomacy is the practice of engaging in diplomatic activities and negotiations in virtual worlds, such as video games, virtual reality, and other online platforms. It involves using digital tools to facilitate communication between players, governments, and other stakeholders. It is a form of digital diplomacy that seeks to bridge the gap between the physical and virtual worlds.

Public diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that focuses on engaging with the foreign public to build relationships and influence public opinion. It is a form of soft power which uses cultural, economic, and educational exchanges to build relationships and foster understanding between countries. Public diplomacy can also involve using media and other communication forms to reach foreign audiences.

Development diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that focuses on the use of diplomatic tools to promote economic and social development. It involves using diplomatic channels to facilitate international cooperation and collaboration on development-related issues, such as poverty reduction, health, education, and environmental protection. Development diplomacy also involves using diplomatic tools to support the implementation of development projects and initiatives.


Economic diplomacy is the use of economic instruments to achieve foreign policy objectives. It involves using economic tools such as trade, investment, finance, and development assistance to advance a country’s interests in the international arena. Economic diplomacy is used to promote economic growth, create jobs, and foster international cooperation. It can also be used to strengthen diplomatic ties between countries and to resolve disputes.

Cyber diplomacy is the use of digital technology and communication to facilitate international relations and diplomacy. It involves the use of digital tools such as social media, websites, and other online platforms to engage in diplomatic dialogue, build relationships, and promote international cooperation. Cyber diplomacy can also be used to address global issues such as cyber security, data privacy, and digital infrastructure.

Energy diplomacy is the use of diplomatic relations to promote and protect countries’ interests in the energy sector. It involves the coordination of energy policies between countries, as well as the negotiation of international agreements on energyrelated issues. Energy diplomacy also includes promoting energy security, reducing energy poverty, and promoting sustainable energy development.

Health diplomacy uses diplomatic tools to promote and protect global health. It involves using diplomatic strategies to address global health challenges, such as pandemics, access to healthcare, and health equity. Health diplomacy also involves international cooperation to improve global health outcomes.

Science diplomacy is using science and technology to build bridges between countries and promote international cooperation. It involves using scientific research, technology, and expertise to address global challenges like climate change, pandemics, and food security. Science diplomacy also fosters collaboration between scientists from different countries and promotes sharing knowledge and resources.

Sports diplomacy is using sports to promote international relations, peace, and understanding. It involves using sports to build bridges between countries, cultures, and people and foster dialogue and cooperation. Sports diplomacy can promote social and economic development, human rights, gender equality, and environmental protection. It can also be used to strengthen diplomatic ties between countries and to create a platform for dialogue on global issues.

Climate diplomacy is the use of diplomatic tools to address climate change. It involves engaging with other countries, international organizations, and nonstate actors to develop and implement policies and actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote climate resilience. Climate diplomacy also includes efforts to build international consensus on climate change, such as through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Education diplomacy is the use of education as a tool to promote international relations and foster mutual understanding between countries. It involves the exchange of students, faculty, and ideas between countries, as well as the development of educational initiatives that promote global understanding and collaboration. Education diplomacy can also involve the use of educational resources to support international development goals.

From our blog

Generative AI models – a fun game that can easily get out of hand? 

Anja Đajić

All your friends have replaced their social media profile pictures with AI-generated avatars, but you do not know where they got them from? Or are you wondering what exactly people are talking ab...

Diplomacy and poetry: Deepening friendships with the magic of words  

Milan Jazbec

20 December 2022

Cultural diplomacy

Diplomacy and poetry are two different areas of human activity. The former is in the service of the state and implements its interests in the international arena, while the latter is in the service of creativity, eve...

Science diplomacy in practice: Interview with Amb. Bhaskar Balakrishnan


09 December 2022

Science diplomacy

What does science diplomacy look like in practice? In particular, how do diplomats from the...


July 2021 online courses

26 Jul 21 - 10 Sep 21


May 2021 online courses

10 May 21 - 19 Jul 21


Data 2025 V.2.0 – Conference

23 Nov 20 - 23 Nov 20


Launch of the Diplo’s new Data Engine

12 Oct 20 - 12 Oct 20


Start of contemporary diplomacy courses

05 Oct 20 - 05 Oct 20


July 2020 online courses

20 Jul 20 -


May 2020 online courses

04 May 20 -


DataGovAI Summit & Awards 2019

06 Nov 19 - 08 Nov 19


October 2017 Online Courses

07 Oct 19 -


July 2017 online courses

22 Jul 19 -


May 2017 online courses

06 May 19 -


The UN World Data Forum 2018

22 Oct 18 - 24 Oct 18

United Arab Emirates

Media simulation workshop at Serbian MFA

20 Dec 17 - 21 Dec 17


Diplo at MyData 2017

30 Aug 17 - 01 Sep 17

Diplo and the GIP at COBISS 2016 Conference

22 Nov 16 - 23 Nov 16


Delhi Digital Diplomacy Day

21 Oct 16 - 21 Oct 16


Fundamental Science and Society

07 Jul 16 - 07 Jul 16


7th Model ASEM

06 Jul 16 - 10 Jul 16


Asia Cyber Diplomacy Workshop

28 Aug 15 - 29 Aug 15


Vienna Cyber Diplomacy Day

26 Jun 15 -


Education Diplomacy Day

07 Oct 14 -


Autumn 2014 online courses

06 Oct 14 -


The Impact of the Internet on Modern Diplomacy

23 Sep 14 -

South Africa, Africa

Summer online courses

21 Jul 14 -


Summer 2013 online courses

22 Jul 13 -


Panel on “Diplomacy 2.0”

28 Feb 13 -


Geneva E-diplomacy Day

16 Nov 12 -


Public Diplomacy Workshop, Cape Town

18 Sep 12 - 20 Sep 12

South Africa, Africa

Public Diplomacy Workshop, Pretoria

10 Sep 12 - 14 Sep 12

South Africa, Africa

E-diplomacy 2021 online course

07 May 12 - 15 Jul 12


Workshop on Public Diplomacy for Parliamentarians

19 Apr 11 - 20 Apr 11

South Africa

Public Diplomacy workshop in South Africa

11 Apr 11 - 15 Apr 11

South Africa

ICT policy and IG workshop in Addis Ababa

06 Apr 11 - 08 Apr 11


Workshop on E-Diplomacy

13 Dec 10 - 16 Dec 10


E-Diplomacy Conference (3-4 June 2010)

03 Jun 10 - 04 Jun 10


Modern Diplomacy For Small States 2010

26 May 10 - 04 Jun 10


Panel Discussion with MEDAC Alumni

13 Apr 07 -




Rapport: Des voix africaines plus fortes dans le numérique : construire une politique étrangère et une diplomatie africaines du numérique

À mesure que le dynamisme numérique de l'Afrique s'accroît, sa participation à la politique numérique mondiale doit augmenter. Dans cette transition, les pays africains doivent composer avec les réalités géopolitiques de notre époque.... Read more...


Stronger digital voices from Africa: Building African digital foreign policy and diplomacy

As Africa’s digital dynamism grows, its participation in global digital policy must increase. In this transition, African countries have to navigate the geopolitical realities of our times.

The report is also


EU’s Council Conclusions on digital diplomacy

EU's Council Conclusions on Digital Diplomacy introduce a holistic approach including cybersecurity, standardisation, human rights, and other digital topics. There is also a prominent link between green and digital/cyber diplomacy. ... Read more...


Delivering Diplo’s 2021 Science Diplomacy online course 

Diplo has a track record of more than 20 years of capacity development in diplomacy. Given the increasing relevance of science diplomacy, expanding our program to include aspOur Science Diplomacy course builds on a number of conversations in our Diplo WebDebate format ... Read more...

This is cover page of Science Diplomacy Capacity Development publication (2021)


Traversing biomedical science, technology & innovation, policy, and diplomacy

Traversing biomedical science, technology & innovation, policy, and diplomacy.... Read more...

This is cover page of Science Diplomacy Capacity Development publication (2021)


Boundary Spanning at the American Association for the Advancement of Science

There are risks of oversimplifying and idolizing Science Diplomacy, particularly when confusing what Science Diplomacy should be with what it is able to achieve in practice. ... Read more...

This is cover page of Science Diplomacy Capacity Development publication (2021)

Science Diplomacy opportunities to address infectious disease

In the field of infectious diseases research, Science Diplomacy is applied widely and plays a pivotal role globally on a macroscale, as well as in the day-to-day work of individual scientists.... Read more...

This is cover page of Science Diplomacy Capacity Development publication (2021)


Science Diplomacy for Diplomats: the journey of a Cambodian diplomat

Science Diplomacy is incredibly valuable and essential for the future of the world. As a diplomat, one should at least be able to grasp the concept and the practice of Science Diplomacy, even if not directly involved.... Read more...

This is cover page of Science Diplomacy Capacity Development publication (2021)