Types of diplomacy

There are 136 uses of the term diplomacy in three contexts:


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Books on various types of diplomacy

Books on various types of diplomacy – Library of Jovan Kurbalija


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Digital diplomacy

Digital diplomacy is important type of dplomacy

Bilateral diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that involves two countries or entities engaging in direct negotiations and agreements. It is a form of international relations in which two countries or entities work together to resolve issues and create mutually beneficial outcomes. Bilateral diplomacy can involve a wide range of topics, from trade and security to cultural and environmental issues.

Multilateral diplomacy

Multilateral diplomacy is a form of international relations in which multiple countries work together to achieve a common goal. It involves using negotiations, dialogue, and other diplomatic tools to resolve disputes and promote cooperation between nations. Multilateral diplomacy is often used to address global issues such as climate change, poverty, and human rights.

Metaverse diplomacy is the practice of engaging in diplomatic activities and negotiations in virtual worlds, such as video games, virtual reality, and other online platforms. It involves using digital tools to facilitate communication between players, governments, and other stakeholders. It is a form of digital diplomacy that seeks to bridge the gap between the physical and virtual worlds.

Public diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that focuses on engaging with the foreign public to build relationships and influence public opinion. It is a form of soft power which uses cultural, economic, and educational exchanges to build relationships and foster understanding between countries. Public diplomacy can also involve using media and other communication forms to reach foreign audiences.

Development diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that focuses on the use of diplomatic tools to promote economic and social development. It involves using diplomatic channels to facilitate international cooperation and collaboration on development-related issues, such as poverty reduction, health, education, and environmental protection. Development diplomacy also involves using diplomatic tools to support the implementation of development projects and initiatives.


Economic diplomacy is the use of economic instruments to achieve foreign policy objectives. It involves using economic tools such as trade, investment, finance, and development assistance to advance a country’s interests in the international arena. Economic diplomacy is used to promote economic growth, create jobs, and foster international cooperation. It can also be used to strengthen diplomatic ties between countries and to resolve disputes.

Cyber diplomacy is the use of digital technology and communication to facilitate international relations and diplomacy. It involves the use of digital tools such as social media, websites, and other online platforms to engage in diplomatic dialogue, build relationships, and promote international cooperation. Cyber diplomacy can also be used to address global issues such as cyber security, data privacy, and digital infrastructure.

Energy diplomacy is the use of diplomatic relations to promote and protect countries’ interests in the energy sector. It involves the coordination of energy policies between countries, as well as the negotiation of international agreements on energyrelated issues. Energy diplomacy also includes promoting energy security, reducing energy poverty, and promoting sustainable energy development.

Health diplomacy uses diplomatic tools to promote and protect global health. It involves using diplomatic strategies to address global health challenges, such as pandemics, access to healthcare, and health equity. Health diplomacy also involves international cooperation to improve global health outcomes.

Science diplomacy is using science and technology to build bridges between countries and promote international cooperation. It involves using scientific research, technology, and expertise to address global challenges like climate change, pandemics, and food security. Science diplomacy also fosters collaboration between scientists from different countries and promotes sharing knowledge and resources.

Sports diplomacy is using sports to promote international relations, peace, and understanding. It involves using sports to build bridges between countries, cultures, and people and foster dialogue and cooperation. Sports diplomacy can promote social and economic development, human rights, gender equality, and environmental protection. It can also be used to strengthen diplomatic ties between countries and to create a platform for dialogue on global issues.

Climate diplomacy is the use of diplomatic tools to address climate change. It involves engaging with other countries, international organizations, and nonstate actors to develop and implement policies and actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote climate resilience. Climate diplomacy also includes efforts to build international consensus on climate change, such as through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Education diplomacy is the use of education as a tool to promote international relations and foster mutual understanding between countries. It involves the exchange of students, faculty, and ideas between countries, as well as the development of educational initiatives that promote global understanding and collaboration. Education diplomacy can also involve the use of educational resources to support international development goals.

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27 Feb 24 - 01 Mar 24


Geneva AI Community launch

23 Nov 23 - 23 Nov 23

Visit to Addis Ababa by DiploTeam

13 Nov 23 - 16 Nov 23

Ethiopia, Africa

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21 Nov 23 - 21 Nov 23


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26 Jul 21 - 10 Sep 21


May 2021 online courses

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23 Nov 20 - 23 Nov 20


Launch of the Diplo’s new Data Engine

12 Oct 20 - 12 Oct 20


Start of contemporary diplomacy courses

05 Oct 20 - 05 Oct 20


July 2020 online courses

20 Jul 20 -


May 2020 online courses

04 May 20 -


DataGovAI Summit & Awards 2019

06 Nov 19 - 08 Nov 19


October 2017 Online Courses

07 Oct 19 -


July 2017 online courses

22 Jul 19 -


May 2017 online courses

06 May 19 -


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22 Oct 18 - 24 Oct 18

United Arab Emirates

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Serbia, Southeast Europe

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Delhi Digital Diplomacy Day

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Fundamental Science and Society

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7th Model ASEM

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Asia Cyber Diplomacy Workshop

28 Aug 15 - 29 Aug 15


Vienna Cyber Diplomacy Day

26 Jun 15 -


Education Diplomacy Day

07 Oct 14 -


Autumn 2014 online courses

06 Oct 14 -


The Impact of the Internet on Modern Diplomacy

23 Sep 14 -

South Africa, Africa

Summer online courses

21 Jul 14 -


Summer 2013 online courses

22 Jul 13 -


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Serbia, Southeast Europe

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28 Feb 13 -


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Panel Discussion with MEDAC Alumni

13 Apr 07 -



German Strategy for International Digital Policy

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Conclusion of tech diplomacy study

Tech diplomacy study concludes that countries are actively engaging in structured tech diplomacy practices, focusing on internet governance. The Bay Area shows signs of multilateral cooperation, but uniform terminology and global impact discussions are lacking. The pan... Read more...

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Other hubs of tech diplomacy

Many countries are establishing tech diplomacy hubs beyond the Bay Area, including cities like Houston, Chicago, Boston, and New York. Globally, places like Bengaluru in India, Barcelona in Spain, Beijing in China, and Geneva in Switzerland are also emerging as signifi... Read more...

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Formal and informal tech diplomacy networking

In the Bay Area, formal and informal tech diplomacy networking opportunities exist, including events like the Cyber and Tech Retreat, the Freedom Online Coalition, the Silicon Valley Working Group, the Tech Diplomacy Playground Initiative, and the newly launched Techno... Read more...

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Tech diplomacy interactions in the San Francisco Bay Area

Tech diplomacy interactions in the San Francisco Bay Area involve a variety of tech companies and diplomats focusing on crucial discussions regarding values, policy, compliance, and technology globally. The region hosts a significant number of European tech diplomacy o... Read more...

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USA tech diplomacy and the San Francisco Bay Area

Since 2017, the environment of engagement in tech diplomacy in the Bay Area has changed considerably, as the USA has introduced new digital and cyber diplomacy strategies and has implemented administrative structures to pursue them. ... Read more...

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Tech diplomacy in digital foreign policy

Countries are increasingly implementing digital elements in their policies, defining national digital and digitalisation policies, and in some cases, have created dedicated digital foreign policies. In order to implement them, they create dedicated posts: from the firs... Read more...

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About tech diplomacy

There is still no established definition of the term ‘tech diplomacy’, neither academically nor in practice. Several other related types of diplomacy are widely used and are seemingly competing or overlapping with the term. These include ‘e-diplomacy’, ‘cyber... Read more...

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Internet and social media: A focus on diplomacy

Diplomacy has adapted to technological advancements through history, including the internet and social media. Digital diplomacy focuses on utilizing these tools to achieve diplomatic goals, influence global policy, and adapt to new topics like cybersecurity. The intern... Read more...

Telephone diplomacy: Dialling the ‘red line’

The telephone, radio, and telegraph have revolutionized communication and diplomacy over the years. Key figures in the development of the telephone, including Bell, Meucci, Reis, and Gray, played significant roles in its evolution. The telephone's importance in diploma... Read more...

The telegraph: How it changed diplomacy

The telegraph had a profound impact on diplomacy, revolutionizing communication and altering the nature of international relations. It facilitated faster exchanges and influenced how diplomacy was conducted, shifting the power dynamics and organizational structures of ... Read more...

Renaissance diplomacy: Compromise as a solution to conflict

Renaissance diplomacy emerged among Italian city-states in the 15th century, characterized by compromise and peaceful conflict resolution. Great writers and artists thrived during this period, with significant advancements in culture, society, church relations, discove... Read more...

Byzantine diplomacy: The elixir of longevity

The article delves into Byzantine diplomacy, highlighting its longevity and importance in history. The Byzantine Empire's survival relied heavily on diplomacy due to limited military strength, focusing on avoiding wars and using innovative diplomatic practices. Byzanti... Read more...

Ancient Diplomacy: What can it teach us?

The text discusses the role of ancient diplomacy in civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Assyria, Persia, China, and India. Writing is highlighted as a key diplomatic 'technology,' with historical examples of diplomatic systems and techniques outlined. The text em... Read more...

Prehistory: Origins of diplomacy and early ‘technologies’

The text explores the origins of diplomacy and early technologies from prehistory. It delves into how human cognitive abilities, cooperation, trade, art, gift exchanges, and the development of language played pivotal roles in the emergence of proto-diplomacy. Tools lik... Read more...