Climate diplomacy

Climate diplomacy refers to the use of diplomatic channels and strategies to address global climate change and its impact on international relations. It involves negotiating and implementing climate-related policies, treaties, and agreements at the international level, as well as cooperation between countries and other stakeholders to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate change, and promote sustainable development.

The European Commission defines four strands of climate diplomacy at the political level:

  • committing to multilateralism in climate policy, particularly to the implementation of the Paris Agreement;
  • addressing implications of climate change on peace and security
    Accelerating domestic action and raising global ambition;
  • enhancing international climate cooperation through advocacy and outreach

Climate diplomacy also includes emphasizing climate action with global partners through diplomatic talks, public diplomacy, and external policy tools.

Climate Building Illustration

This is how DiploFoundation illustrates the complexity of climate change.

climate change building 2015 english

The first version of the Climate building was released at the time of the Copenhagen Summit in 2009. Since then, it has been regularly upgraded based on comments from diplomats, experts, and the general public. You can also find climate change buildings in multiple languages.

International processes on climate diplomacy

The Cartagena Dialogue aimes to reduce divide division between developed and developing countries in climate negotiations. It is an informal grouping of countries.

The “Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidies Reform” (FFFSR) gathers countries that work on search for subsidies for traditional fossil fuels. This interplay brings in closer nexus global energy geopolitics, national interests, and climate actions.  


Training in Climate Diplomacy

The online course on Climate Diplomacy provides an introduction to climate change policy and governance. The course underlying themes are graphically summarised in the Climate Building Illustration. They include scientific, economic, social, legal, ethical and developmental aspects of climate change. This online course is normally offered two times per year, with a limited number of scholarships provided by the government of Malta for participants from small islands and developing states.

The Capacity Development for Climate Change Governance and Diplomacy Programme aims to help small and developing states to participate meaningfully in climate change negotiations on global and regional levels. The programme includes online training, policy research and policy immersion.

The Climate Change Online Community gathers Diplo alumni and others interested in informally sharing knowledge and discussing climate change governance and diplomacy. 

By tweeting about climate change we engage with a worldwide audience to further dialogue at the nexus between climate change, small and developing states, and diplomacy. 

Other Diplo activities on Climate Change Diplomacy:

From our blog

The Glasgow environment summit: A new paradigm?

Kishan S Rana

01 November 2021

Climate diplomacy

Two images capture the global environment talkfest, the 2021 UN Climate Change Conference (COP 26), which dominates the media for some 12 days, commencing 1 November 2021. A delightfully innovative 150-second video i...

Can an empty chair save COP26?

Jovan Kurbalija

Next week, heads of state, diplomats, and scientists from all corners of the globe will descend on Glasgow for the COP26, where they\'ll negotiate the next crucial steps in the worsening climate crisis. However, one i...

[WebDebate #27 summary] Arctic diplomacy: Approaches and lessons

Andrijana Gavrilović

In our February WebDebate, we looked at Arctic diplomacy. We were joined by Dr Danita Catherine Burke (Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellow at the Center for War Studies at the University of Southern Denmark), Pr...

Climate scientists beat economists at predicting the future

Mary Murphy

20 March 2014

Climate diplomacy

\'The public is constantly told by the media that climate science can’t be trusted, the models are flawed, and action on climate change is a costly gamble. But when you compare original predictions with what actuall...

Training and courses

Science Diplomacy online course

Science Diplomacy

Starting 14 Oct 24



Global environmental diplomacy: Comparing and sharing

The article discusses the importance of global environmental diplomacy in addressing environmental issues and highlights the benefits of comparing and sharing strategies among nations.... Read more...


The Global Climate Change Regime

The global climate change regime is a complex system of international agreements and protocols aimed at addressing the challenges posed by climate change. It involves collaboration between countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate ch... Read more...


Fifth Assessment Report: Summary for Policymakers

The document provides a comprehensive summary of the scientific understanding of climate change, highlighting key findings, observed changes, and projected impacts, as assessed by the Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernm... Read more...

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Summary of the Doha Climate Change Conference

Summary of the Doha Climate Change Conference. The Doha Climate Change Conference held in 2012 aimed to advance global efforts to address climate change. The conference resulted in an extension of the Kyoto Protocol, commitments for a new global agreement by 2015, and ... Read more...



The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations

The text discusses key lessons learned from two decades of multilateral environmental negotiations, emphasizing insights gained since the Rio conference.... Read more...

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Futures for diplomacy: Integrative Diplomacy in the 21st Century

The text discusses Integrative Diplomacy in the 21st century, emphasizing the importance of adapting traditional diplomacy to current global challenges and opportunities. Diplomacy is viewed as a tool for addressing complex issues through collaboration and integration,... Read more...

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Message on Switzerland’s International Cooperation in 2013-2016

The text discusses Switzerland's international cooperation activities from 2013 to 2016.... Read more...

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Equity and state representations in climate negotiations

The text examines the dynamics of equity and state representations within climate negotiations, highlighting the complexities and challenges of addressing fairness and inclusivity in global climate governance.... Read more...