Cyberspace has become an essential component of modern society. Critical societal infrastructure, the financial sector, governmental services, the security sector, schools, and hospitals are increasingly and irreversibly dependent on interconnectivity and the global network. So are citizens.
The merits of the open Internet are accompanied by risks. Such risks need to be approached comprehensively and systematically though the cooperation of all stakeholders. Many countries have adopted national cybersecurity strategies and related legislation, taking into account both security and freedoms. A growing number of countries have set up national mechanisms for response to cyber-incidents, involving government as well as the corporate, academic, and NGO sectors. Some have declared ‘cyber’ as the fifth military domain, and have set up defensive and offensive cyber-commands within their armies.
South-eastern Europe (SEE), and especially the western Balkans, is lagging behind. The online course on cybersecurity aims to increase cybersecurity capacities of public institutions and the private and civil sectors in SEE, through providing policy training aimed in particular at young officials and professionals. Through developing the capacities of individuals, the course aims to drive a shift in public policies and encourage cooperation among countries and stakeholders. This course is organised as a new activity within the Cybersecurity Capacity Building and Research Programme for South-Eastern Europe, in cooperation with the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) and with the support of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA of Switzerland.
By the end of the course, participants should be able to:
- Identify the defining features of cybersecurity, and the factors which shape the international and regional issues.
- Identify principal threats to cybersecurity; describe and analyse the key cybersecurity issues for users, and states.
- Explain the issues involved in cybercrime, its impact and investigation.
- Describe how the Internet is used for terrorism and ways to address this concern.
- Explain the threats to the core Internet infrastructure and the core infrastructure of society.
- Explain the risks of cyber-conflict and map international law and global and regional norms of state behaviour in relation to cyberspace.
- Outline key national mechanisms for prevention and response to cyber-incidents and explain the working models of the CERT.
- Map the broader context of cybersecurity, including the link with human rights, privacy and data protection, and economic growth.
- Explain and analyse the international frameworks for cybersecurity cooperation.
The online course covers an introduction to cybersecurity and definitions; threats and vulnerabilities; cybercrime challenges and frameworks to combat cybercrime; security of the core Internet infrastructure and critical infrastructure; cyberterrorism, cyber-conflicts, and international law and norms of state behaviour in cyberspace with focus on related international and regional initiatives; national policies and mechanisms such as strategies and CERTs; security sector reforms and cybersecurity; and the broader context of cybersecurity including Internet governance, human rights, privacy and data protection, and economic growth and development.
The online course will feature guest lecturing contributions from a number of experts, including:
Gorazd Bozic, Team Manager of the Slovenian CERT (SI-CERT) and Member of the Management Board of ENISA
Aapo Cederberg, Senior Programme Adviser at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
Predrag Tasevski, Founder of CyberSecurity.mk and Visiting Professor at University of Donja Gorica
Tatiana Tropina, Senior Researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in the Information Law and Legal Informatics Section
Dragan Mladenovic, Lieutenant Colonel, Analyst for Information Security and Cyber Defense at the Department for Telecommunications and IT of the Serbian Armed Forces General Staff