China stresses the importance of true multilateralism and international governance system

China has emphasized the importance of true multilateralism and strengthening the international governance system to effectively address global challenges. The country supports President Xi Jinping’s proposal to build a community with a shared future for mankind and upholds the role of the United Nations (U.N.) as the core institution in global governance. China argues that peace, development, and win-win cooperation are the unstoppable trends of the times.

Global security governance

China believes in peace, trust, solidarity, and cooperation. It supports the Global Security Initiative (GSI), which calls for common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security. China welcomes the New Agenda for Peace presented by Secretary-General António Guterres and is open to further discussions to build consensus with all parties. China also supports political settlements of crises, such as the Ukraine crisis, while respecting all countries’ sovereignty and territorial integrity.

China emphasizes preserving peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and believes dialogue and consultation are essential in resolving issues. It calls for calmness, restraint, and efforts to ease the situation rather than relying solely on sanctions and pressure, which may exacerbate problems and escalate tensions. China has actively promoted peace and talks on the Korean Peninsula and will continue to play a constructive role in the political settlement of the issue.

Furthermore, China calls on the international community to respect Afghanistan’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity. It supports the “Afghan-led, Afghan-owned” principle and emphasizes the need for humanitarian and development assistance for Afghanistan. China also supports Afghanistan’s integration into regional connectivity and economic integration processes, fosters an inclusive political framework, adopts moderate policies, and develops friendly external relations.

China firmly supports the Palestinian people’s just cause of restoring their legitimate rights. It advocates for establishing an independent state of Palestine based on the 1967 border, with East Jerusalem as its capital. China urges the international community to provide development assistance and humanitarian aid to Palestine and promote peace talks. China also plays an active role in facilitating Palestine’s internal reconciliation and peace talks.

In the realm of nuclear weapons and disarmament, China opposes using nuclear weapons and supports efforts to prevent nuclear war. It believes that countries with the largest nuclear arsenals should fulfill their responsibilities and make substantial cuts to their nuclear arsenals in a verifiable, irreversible, and legally binding manner. China also supports the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and calls for its protection and advancement.

Global development governance

China believes that development is the shared responsibility of all countries. It supports President Xi Jinping’s Global Development Initiative (GDI) and emphasizes strengthening unity, mutual trust, and cooperation to bring the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development back on track. China advocates for greater synergy of development strategies at global, regional, subregional, and national levels, including synergy between the GDI and the U.N. development agenda. China also promotes the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) to deliver development and prosperity to all countries.

China supports economic globalization that is open, inclusive, balanced, and beneficial to all. It calls for upholding multilateralism, free trade, and the multilateral trading system while opposing unilateralism and protectionism. China emphasizes the importance of fairness, equity, and just economic governance. Additionally, China supports efforts to establish a fair, equitable, sustainable, and stable order for agricultural trade and calls for greater support to enhance developing countries’ capacity for food security.

Climate change

China recognizes the importance of green and low-carbon development and supports efforts to address climate change through international cooperation. It upholds the principles and institutional arrangements outlined in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, including the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. China believes that developed countries should take the lead in significantly reducing emissions and fulfilling their commitments of financial, technical, and capacity-building support to developing countries.

Human rights and social governance

China emphasizes the importance of respecting the diversity of civilizations and common values. It opposes the imposition of values on others and the politicization of human rights. China believes that each country should independently choose its path of human rights development and combine the universality of human rights with national realities. The country also underscores the importance of economic, social, and cultural rights and the need to actively address issues such as racial discrimination, religious hatred, and the impact of unilateral coercive measures on human rights.

China highlights the significance of equal-footed exchange and mutual learning between civilizations to resolve challenges and promote human progress. It supports the Global Civilization Initiative (GCI) to enhance mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation, and the advancement of human civilizations. China emphasizes the importance of upholding human rights through enhancing security, advancing development, and facilitating cooperation. The country recognizes the need for international cooperation in addressing emerging issues such as digital technology and artificial intelligence in relation to human rights.

China recognizes the importance of women’s and children’s rights and supports the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It advocates for formulating and improving national strategies for developing women and children, ensuring that they benefit from socioeconomic progress. China also supports the U.N. in its leading and coordinating role on the cause of women and children.

Global governance of new frontiers

China asserts the need to keep rules governing new frontiers up to date with evolving international landscapes. It emphasizes the importance of following principles of peace, development, inclusiveness, and shared governance in cyberspace, outer space, and the deep sea. China calls for cooperation and opposes the weaponization of these new frontiers.

Reform of the UN

China firmly supports the core role of the U.N. and advocates for the reform of the global governance system. It calls for necessary and equitable reforms to increase the representation and voice of developing countries. China supports the reform of the U.N. Security Council to enhance its authority, efficiency, and capacity to tackle global threats and challenges. It also advocates for greater coordination among mechanisms, such as the U.N., G20, IMF, and World Bank, to improve global economic governance. China believes in strengthening global health governance to respond to global public health crises.


China believes in upholding true multilateralism and enhancing the international governance system for a better future. The country supports President Xi Jinping’s proposals on building a community with a shared future for mankind, including the Global Security Initiative, Global Development Initiative, and Global Civilization Initiative. China calls for global cooperation in areas such as security governance, development governance, human rights and social governance, governance of new frontiers, and the reform of the global governance system. The country reaffirms its commitment to enhancing the core role of the U.N. and advocating for fair and equitable global governance.

Source: Proposal of the People’s Republic of China on the Reform and Development of Global Governance