Pakistan’s foreign policy towards Africa
Pakistan’s foreign policy towards Africa is rooted in principles of mutual respect, cooperation, and solidarity, dating back to the 1950s-1980s when both regions were engaged in freedom struggles against colonial powers. The natural bond forged during this period has evolved, with Pakistan actively contributing to African nations’ independence and development. Notably, Pakistan has committed 200,000 troops to 46 United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, predominantly in Africa.
Recent years have seen an increased focus on Africa under Pakistan’s “Engage Africa” policy, launched in 2019. The policy led to the opening of five new diplomatic missions in Rwanda, Ivory Coast, Uganda, Djibouti, and Ghana. Currently maintaining 20 diplomatic missions in Africa, Pakistan is actively engaged in capacity-building programs, training diplomats, providing scholarships, and offering military training to African countries.
Participation in regional organizations like the African Union and the African Development Bank reflects Pakistan’s commitment to dialogue and cooperation on economic and sustainable development. Trade between Pakistan and Africa reached US$ 4.44 Billion in 2022-23, with key exports including rice, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and imports comprising coal, petroleum, tea, and cotton. This multifaceted approach underscores Pakistan’s enduring commitment to fostering robust relations with African nations.