Microsoft’s proposal for a Geneva Digital Convention, the rise of fake news, and discussions on the social implications of technological advances were among the main digital policy developments in the month of February. These and other developments, trends, and regional updates – summarised in the Internet Governance Barometer for February and in Issue 18 of the Geneva Digital Watch newsletter – were the subject of our latest Internet governance briefing, which took place on 28 February 2017.
Leading the briefing, Dr Jovan Kurbalija gave an overview of the top trends in digital policy in February:
- ICT industry’s evolution in diplomatic efforts. Microsoft proposes a Digital Geneva Convention, calling on governments and the private sector to do more in the area of cybersecurity. This proposal has attracted the attention of the Internet community and raised many pertinent questions related to the future of digital governance, in particular in the security field. Microsoft is among Internet companies that have embraced diplomacy as an approach to shaping global public policies.
- The rise of fake news. As fake news become a growing concern for governments, uses, and the business sector, several issues are brought into focus: the distinction between fake news and false news; the extent of responsibility of Internet intermediaries and the risk of them becoming content regulators; and the sheer amount of content that Internet companies have to process.
- Minimising the social costs of technology. The impact of digital growth on jobs and social costs is also becoming an increasingly important theme, featuring including on the agenda of forthcoming elections in various European countries. There are ongoing debates on the introduction of a universal basic income to compensate individuals for disruptions brought by advancements in the digital industry.
- Using search warrants for data stored overseas. Juridical access to data hosted overseas by US Internet companies has come into focus, as a court rules that Google must comply with FBI’s search warrants and hand over data stored outside the USA. This comes into conflict with the decision issued in the Microsoft case last year, when an Appeals Court declared that search warrants could not be used to disclose content held oversees. It is likely that courts will continue to shape digital policy.
|The next Internet governance briefing is on 28 March. Registrations are open.|
In addition to these trends, other digital policy issues that were particularly prominent in the public policy debate in February included digital rights, infrastructure, and sustainable development.
An overview of the main Internet governance events held in February and planned for March was also part of the briefing. More details are available in Issue 18 of the Geneva Digital Watch newsletter.
Regional perspectives from GIP hubs
Local hubs in Brazil, Tunisia and South Eastern Europe shared regional updates and perspectives.
The Rio hub, represented by Luca Belli from the Center for Technology and Society of the Getulio Vargas Foundation School of Law, gave an overview of the discussions held at the hub’s meeting, and which focused on recent developments in Brazil. Concerns were raised regarding the privacy and data protection implications of certain governmental initiatives, such as a proposed project (currently debated in the parliament) aimed to consolidate various data and documents to create a unique ID at the federal level. Two announcements made by the Brazilian government were also underlined. A previously launched public consultation on the Internet of Things concluded with more than 2200 replies, which will be used to elaborate a national strategy in the field. In addition, an inter-ministerial working group was created to start working on the first Brazilian Digital Strategy, to be released over the next few months. A video of regional updates and perspectives from Brazil is available:
Representing the Tunis hub, Nouha Othman, Internet policy analyst at IGmena, spoke about the High-level African Conference on Internet Governance, held in Algiers, on 13 February 2017. Representatives of 24 African countries exchanged views on the most pressing Internet-related issues, and underlined the importance of strengthening cooperation on Internet governance in the region. Participants agreed to work together on a joint strategy aimed to ensure that the African continent takes advantage of the economic opportunities brought by the Internet, as well as to promote multilingualism, local digital content, and the preservation of African identity online. Other issues discussed at the conference were related to infrastructure deployment, cybersecurity, and national Internet governance processes. For more details, see the video of regional updates and perspectives from Tunis:
During the South Eastern European hub, an overview was given of the main Internet governance and digital policy developments that occurred in February in the region. Greece ratified the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime and its Protocol on Xenofobia and Racism. In Romania, the Ministry of Communications and Information Society launched a public consultation on principles to be included in a law on the management of .ro – the country’s top-level domain. Croatian taxi drivers protested against Uber, asking authorities to ban the platform from operating within the country. In Ukraine, the Ministry of Information Policy sent a letter to Facebook asking the company ‘to develop a verification mechanism for unreliable news’. More details are available in the February 2017 summary of developments and activities related to Internet governance and digital policy in South Eastern Europe. The recording of the SEE hub meeting is also available.