Stalemate in Sudan conflict hampers diplomatic efforts

Despite extensive international efforts, the conflict in Sudan, particularly in Darfur and Khartoum, is escalating, impeding the distribution of humanitarian aid and causing thousands to seek refuge in neighboring countries. The complexity of the conflict involving multiple parties remains a significant challenge.

After four months of conflict in Sudan, joint diplomatic initiatives by various international organizations, including the AU, IGAD, UN, EU, and the Arab League, along with US-Saudi mediation, have failed to achieve humanitarian aid delivery or a ceasefire. Given the deepening crisis in Sudan, a reevaluation of the mediation strategy is imperative.

This new approach must take into account the actual power dynamics on the ground, encompassing political, military, and economic control issues, as well as external actors capable of influencing both sides of the conflict towards a cessation of hostilities.