The term “medieval diplomacy” describes the diplomatic methods and tactics practiced in Europe between the fifth and the fifteenth centuries. It was a time when monarchs held the bulk of the political authority, and diplomacy was crucial in reshaping Europe’s political and social landscape.
A variety of diplomatic techniques, such as the exchanging of envoys, the negotiating of treaties, and the employment of marriage connections, were used in medieval diplomacy. Seals and coats of arms, which were used to verify diplomatic documents and denote the monarch’s authority, were another distinguishing feature.
Latin, the language of the educated elite in Europe during the Middle Ages, was frequently used in diplomatic contacts. The papacy had a crucial role in medieval diplomacy because the Pope arbitrated and served as a mediator in a number of conflicts between European nations.
The political and social environment of Europe during this time was significantly shaped by medieval diplomacy, which also contributed to laying the groundwork for modern diplomacy. It helped to shape international law, formalize diplomatic procedures, and establish long-lasting diplomatic organizations.