Liz Galvez   25 Jan 2013   E-Diplomacy

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As a fairly recent recruit to the ranks of Twitter, I’m still undecided when it comes to assessing the kind of tweets which are likely to be effective from a public diplomacy point of view.   What is clear is which are not. Why, for example, would anyone want to read tweets which resemble truncated versions of the dull press releases that I thought had gone out of fashion with the advent of social media; or those that merely contain a link to a press statement or speech with no hint as to content or posture?  We’ve all seen them.  Pick any one of several dozen official Foreign Ministry institutional Twitter accounts. Unimaginative, stilted and, to quote Mark McDowell, Head of Public Diplomacy at the Canadian Embassy in Beijing, “frankly a little bit dull”.  What value is there in a tweet from an anonymous individual that his/her Foreign Minister had a telephone conversation with another Foreign Minister - unless of course it’s between two countries which are sworn enemies. What could be interesting is what they talked about, why, and what conclusions they reached, though this can’t be guaranteed.

Many foreign ministries seem to believe that a mere presence on social media is tantamount to practising modern public diplomacy when in fact they are just feeding not particularly newsworthy news items to the media.  I am a firm believer that diplomacy needs to embrace social media - Tom Fletcher, Britain’s Ambassador to the Lebanon, makes a persuasive case in his blog The Naked Diplomat for those who remain sceptical.  But it’s easy to forget that social media is still only one of the many tools of public diplomacy. It’s important to understand what purpose public diplomacy should serve, and make informed decisions about what activities can be most effective, including how best to utilise social media or where other activities may work as well.  Indeed, Australian diplomats last year responded to criticism about their lack of digital visibility by arguing that cultural events or activities involving young people are just as effective in some regions. Otherwise, there is a risk that diplomatic institutions may just be engaging in trivial chitter-chatter in cyberspace, without impact or influence. With apologies to the European External Action Service, @eu_eeas is one such account which could have plenty to say given the EU’s global diplomatic ambitions but it’s pretty uninspiring.

Where social media comes into its own is that it encourages two-way contact and dialogue with the public, the ‘listening’ function that experts agree is an essential element for successful public diplomacy. Many foreign ministries have got the hang of this; the State Department leads by example, with frequent Twitter Q and A sessions and interactive websites, for example on international exchanges. But how many others are still just speaking without conversing?

 

 

Comments

  • Samantha Manniex (not verified), 09/26/2020 - 07:46

    Hi Liz, thanks for the enjoyable post. I agree with you that facilitating two-way dialogue with the public is the most effective way for governments to utilise social media. But what about those countries that are wary of allowing their citizens to voice their opinions freely? Many of these, for example Qatar, have official government social media channels, yet simply use them for pushing out dull information of the types you mention above. If the public were to hop on the Twitter channel and start sharing critical opinions, there's a chance those people would mysteriously 'disappear'. There's surely a link between governments that are comfortable with two-way dialogue, and hence can effectively use social media, and those that are paranoid, and cannot. And the EU has no excuse!
    Looking forward to reading more from you.

  • In reply to by Samantha Manniex (not verified)

    Profile picture for user Liz Galvez
    Liz Galvez, 09/26/2020 - 07:46

    Thanks, Sam. I agree that there's a risk for critics in countries that stamp on political dissent. But at the same time, it's encouraging that reports about bloggers or tweeters who are arrested for expressing their opinions on social media can't be suppressed entirely. I've seen several such stories recently, including a particularly disturbing report from Vietnam (http://www.latimes.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-report-vietnam-blog…) , which were picked up and retweeted by human rights activists, so perhaps those regimes will register sooner or later that it does their image more harm than good and that social media is not going away. Even democratic systems can fall into the trap of over-zealous damage limitation which can spiral out of control, as the Indian authorities have discovered (http://www.ndtv.com/article/cheat-sheet/free-speech-controversy-rages-a…).

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