Twin-track diplomacy is a strategy in international relations that involves pursuing two parallel approaches to achieve a desired outcome. The first track typically involves engaging in direct negotiations or formal diplomacy with a particular government or group, while the second track involves reaching out to non-state actors, such as civil society organisations, business groups, or influential individuals, to build support for the desired outcome.
The goal of twin-track diplomacy is to create a situation where the parties involved are more likely to come to the negotiating table, and where there is a greater chance of achieving a positive outcome. By engaging with a wide range of stakeholders, twin-track diplomacy can help to build consensus around a particular issue, create opportunities for dialogue, and ultimately help to resolve conflicts or achieve other important objectives.
Twin-track diplomacy has been used in a variety of contexts, including peace negotiations, trade negotiations, and efforts to promote human rights and democracy. It is often seen as a way to complement traditional diplomatic efforts and to help build momentum for positive change.