The technique of conducting diplomatic relations and talks by telegrams or other quick means of communication is known as ‘telegraph diplomacy’. The phrase first appeared in the 19th century, when the telegraph was invented and quickly replaced other long-distance communication methods. The telegraph made it possible for governments and embassies to communicate diplomatically more quickly.
Telegraph diplomacy had a big influence on diplomacy since it sped up diplomatic conversations and decision-making. As a result, diplomats faced both advantages and disadvantages, including the necessity for quicker responses and the pressure to make judgments with less time for analysis. They could now interact swiftly with their counterparts in other nations.
Although the term ‘telegraph diplomacy’ is traditionally associated with the use of the telegraph, its basic meaning still holds true for the use of contemporary communication technologies in diplomatic relations, such as email, instant messaging, and social media. Given that messages can be more easily intercepted or leaked and that text-based communication has its limitations, the nature of these technologies may potentially improve transparency.
Overall, telegraph diplomacy is the method of conducting diplomacy using quick means of communication, starting with the telegraph in the 19th century and extending to modern digital communication technologies today.