Shuttle diplomacy is a method of diplomacy in which a mediator travels back and forth between two or more parties in order to negotiate an agreement or resolve a dispute. The term ‘shuttle diplomacy’ was coined in the 1970s, when Secretary of State Henry Kissinger used this approach to negotiate the end of the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Egypt.
The mediator typically meets with one party and then travels to meet with the other party, conveying messages, proposals, and counterproposals between the two sides. This allows the parties to communicate indirectly, without having to meet face-to-face, which can be helpful if there is a history of hostility or if one or both parties are reluctant to negotiate.
Shuttle diplomacy can be a useful tool in resolving conflicts or negotiating agreements, as it allows the mediator to build trust and rapport with both parties, facilitate communication, and help find common ground. It can also be a time-consuming and challenging process, requiring patience, persistence, and diplomatic skill.