Railway diplomacy is a form of diplomacy that involves the construction or use of railways as a means of advancing a country’s strategic interests or influence in foreign policy. The concept originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when major powers such as Britain, France, and Germany sought to extend their spheres of influence by building railways in other parts of the world.
The construction of railways allowed for the easier transportation of goods, resources, and military forces, and thus facilitated economic and military expansion. It was also a way for these countries to assert their dominance over regions and countries, and to establish a foothold in areas that might otherwise be difficult to access.
In contemporary times, railway diplomacy still exists in various forms.