Mango diplomacy is used to describe a form of diplomatic exchange or gesture involving the gifting of mangoes between countries or political leaders.
The practice is often employed to create a positive impression, strengthen bilateral relations, or resolve disputes through soft power diplomacy.
Mango diplomacy typically involves the exchange of high-quality mangoes, which are considered a symbol of hospitality, generosity, and friendship in many cultures.
Mango diplomacy is particularly popular in South Asia. In 1986, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi gifted Philippine President Corazon Aquino with mangoes during a state visit. In 2008, Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari presented Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh with a box of mangoes as a gesture of goodwill and reconciliation.
In 2023, Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina sent mangoes to Indian President Ramnath Kobind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi with an aim to create goodwill for the conclusion of the Teesta water-sharing agreement, one of the main open issues between Bangladesh and India.