Gulf diplomacy refers to diplomatic efforts and negotiations between the countries located around the Persian Gulf, including Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries have historically been linked through shared economic and cultural ties, as well as common strategic concerns related to regional security and stability.
Gulf diplomacy can encompass a wide range of issues, including trade and economic cooperation, regional security and defence, energy and natural resources, and cultural and social relations. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), a regional organisation founded in 1981, serves as a key forum for regional cooperation and diplomacy among Gulf countries.
However, Gulf diplomacy can also be challenging and complex, particularly given the complex web of political, economic, and religious differences that exist within the region. Ongoing conflicts and tensions, such as the conflict in Yemen and the diplomatic blockade of Qatar by several Gulf states, have further complicated efforts to promote regional cooperation and stability.
Overall, Gulf diplomacy is an important area of focus for international diplomacy and foreign policy, given the strategic and economic significance of the Persian Gulf region. Through effective diplomacy and cooperation, Gulf countries can work to address shared challenges and promote regional stability and prosperity.