Coercive diplomacy is the practice of forcing one side to submit. Sometimes it is also called ‘bombing diplomacy’. Although it is used colloquially, it is a contradiction in terms as diplomacy is described in its core meaning as promoting interests without the use of force. Coercive diplomacy refers to the use of diplomatic tools and strategies, including threats of force or other forms of pressure, to achieve specific foreign policy goals or to deter undesirable actions by another state. Coercive diplomacy is based on the idea that diplomatic leverage, including the credible threat of force, can be used to influence the behaviour of other nations without resorting to military action.
Coercive diplomacy can take many forms, including economic sanctions, political isolation, military posturing, and the use of international legal mechanisms. The goal of coercive diplomacy is to persuade the other party to change its behaviour or to accept specific demands, without resorting to military force.
Coercive diplomacy is often used as a means of preventing conflict, resolving disputes, and protecting national interests. However, it can also be risky, as it can escalate tensions and lead to unintended consequences, including military conflict. Therefore, it requires careful planning and a deep understanding of the other party’s motivations and responses.
Overall, coercive diplomacy is a strategy that involves the use of diplomatic tools and the credible threat of force to achieve foreign policy objectives, without resorting to military action. It is a delicate balance between pressure and persuasion, and requires careful consideration of the risks and benefits of different courses of action.