The ongoing search for ways and means to address cybersecurity issues on a global level, courts continuing to shape the applicability of digital policy across different jurisdictions, and new disclosures of data breaches were among the main digital policy developments in the month of November.
For many countries, the specific locus of citizen and other data for jurisdictional purposes is the data’s actual location. However, jurisdiction should be framed from a data processing and transfer perspective, and multilateral trade rules may serve as a guide to this approach. In the cloud computing age, data should generally be free from any geographic restrictions, save for certain exceptions involving national security, economic development and citizen identification.
The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is now only months away from entering into force (May 2018). There have been numerous debates as to how it will change the landscape of data protection in the EU and beyond. But looking at the broader picture, the GDPR brings an important aspect into sharper focus: the integration of human rights into business practices.
Technology is neither good nor bad, nor is it neutral, thus, Internet governance is by no means black and white. The governance concept adds a series of nuances for regulatory measures to prepare and protect users, particularly the most vulnerable ones, such as youth.
The 11th Ministerial Conference (MC11) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) will take place in December, in Buenos Aires. As discussed in a previous blog post, one of the main topics under consideration in preparation for MC11 is e-commerce.
Proposals from European countries to change the rules regarding the taxation of Internet companies, continuous developments in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), and increased governmental pressures on technology companies to remove extremist content were among the main digital policy developments in the month of September.
The third and last day at the WTO Public Forum reiterated a message from the previous two days: e-commerce can serve as a tool for development, which presents both opportunities and challenges for developing countries. In addition, it brought into focus issues such as the role of e-commerce in fostering cross-border trade, consumer rights, intellectual property rights, data flows, and automation and artificial intelligence (AI).