BA (Hon) and MA in economics, St Stephens College Delhi. Indian Foreign Service (1960-95); worked in China (1963-65, 1970-72). Ambassador and High Commissioner: Algeria, Czechoslovakia, Kenya, Mauritius, and Germany; consul general in San Francisco. Served on staff of PM Indira Gandhi (1981-82). Foreign languages: Chinese & French.
Professor Emeritus, DiploFoundation, Malta and Geneva; Honorary Fellow, Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi (book review editor, China Report); Archives By-Fellow, Churchill College, Cambridge; Public Policy Scholar, Woodrow Wilson Centre, Washington DC; guest faculty, Diplomatic Academy, Vienna; Commonwealth Adviser, Namibia Foreign Ministry, 2000-01. Lectured in about 20 countries to diplomats at foreign ministry training institutions, and at ambassador conferences in several countries.
Author: Inside Diplomacy (2000); Managing Corporate Culture (co-author, 2000); Bilateral Diplomacy (2002); The 21st Century Ambassador (2004); Asian Diplomacy (2007); Diplomacy of the 21st Century (2011); India’s North-East States, the BCIM Forum and Regional Integration, (co-author, 2012); The Contemporary Embassy (2013); Diplomacy at the Cutting Edge (2015). Co-editor: Foreign Ministries (2007); Economic Diplomacy (2011). Two books translated into Chinese; some used as textbooks at several universities. Written about 100 articles for academic journals and newspapers.